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国有宝藏:朱德同志故居纪念馆

发布时间:2021-02-23 09:43 | 来源:周超
      朋友们,大家好!我是朱德同志故居纪念馆馆长邓成功。我们馆于1978年12月经中共中央批准兴建,1982年8月建成开馆,邓小平同志亲笔题写了馆名。
      在这里,您可以深切感受到朱德同志卓越的历史功勋、伟大的精神风范和崇高的人格魅力。今天,我带着大家走进朱德同志故居纪念馆,讲讲朱德的故事。
给李季和陈启修的信
      这是1925年3月朱德写给已从德国到苏联的李季和陈启修的信,请示他们帮助联系到苏联学习军事。他在信中恳切地写道:“归国后即终身为党服务,作军事运动。”为寻找救国救民的正确道路,朱德抛弃高官厚禄,远渡重洋,辗转万里,历经坎坷,1922年,才在德国柏林加入了中国共产党。后因参加学生运动,被捕入狱。在第二次被捕后,中共旅莫支部执委会批准了他的请求。7月,朱德前往苏联学习军事。
      信中写道的“终身为党服务”,体现了朱德立志为共产主义事业奋斗到底的不懈追求,“作军事运动”彰显了朱德确立为人民军队发展奉献终生的坚定选择。他用51年的艰苦奋斗,实现了曾经写下的铮铮誓言。
【给戴与龄的信】
      下面讲述的是朱德给好友戴与龄的一封求助信。1937年,他的外甥许明扬来到山西抗日前线,他得知老家四川仪陇正逢旱灾,家里人因他参加革命而遭受株连和迫害,生母和养母生活也异常艰难。然而,身为八路军总司令的朱德却身无分文,为了帮助两位老母亲度过荒年,以尽孝子之心,他便写信向四川好友戴与龄求助。
      他在信中这样写道:“我十数年来实无一钱,即将来亦如是。我以好友关系向你募贰佰元中币,速寄家中朱理书收。此款我亦不能还你,请作捐助吧。”习近平总书记读了这封信后说“战功赫赫的八路军总司令清贫如此、清廉如此,让人肃然起敬!”这封承载着报国之志、孝母之情和勤廉之德的特殊信件,正是朱德立志报国 、艰苦朴素、廉洁奉公的真实写照。
【存款清单】
      接下来介绍的是朱德委员长1976年的存款清单。1976年7月6日,朱德因病在北京逝世,享年90岁。在生命垂危之际,朱德嘱咐夫人康克清把他的两万多元存款,作为最后一次党费全部上交给党组织,没有给子孙后代留下一分钱。一张存款清单让我们深切地感受到朱德同志对党的执着热爱和无限忠诚。正如他所说“共产主义者应当是没有私心的人,革命者的遗产不是金钱,而是精神。”
      毛泽东同志评价朱德同志是人民的光荣,周恩来同志评价朱德同志是20世纪中国革命的里程碑,习近平总书记在朱德同志诞辰130周年座谈会上指出“朱德同志是共产党人中的杰出代表,是我国民族英雄璀璨群星中的一颗巨星。朱德同志在毕生奋斗中表现出来的思想品德和精神风范,是党和人民的宝贵精神财富”。
      朋友们,我真诚欢迎您走进朱德同志故居纪念馆,了解更多感人故事,感受伟人的情怀,感受厚重的红色文化给我们带来的精神洗礼。
      Hello, friends!I'm Deng Chenggong, director of the Memorial Hall of Zhu De's Former Residence.Our museum was approved by the CPC Central Committee in December 1978,and opened in August 1982,Comrade Deng Xiaoping wrote the title of the museum in his own handwriting.
      Here, you can deeply feel Comrade Zhu De's outstanding historical merits, great spiritual style and lofty personality charm.Today, I'd like to take you to the Memorial Hall of Comrade Zhu De's Former Residence,and tell you his story.
【Letter to Li Ji and Chen Qixiu】
      This is a letter written by Zhu De in March 1925 to Li Ji and Chen Qixiu, who had been from Germany to the Soviet Union,asking them to help to contact the Soviet Union to study military.In his letter, he earnestly wrote: ‘after returning to China, I will serve the party all my life and make military movements.’In order to find the right way to save the country and the people, Zhu De abandoned his high position and wealth, traveled across the ocean,traveled thousands of miles, and experienced ups and downs,in 1922, he finally joined the Communist Party of China in Berlin, Germany.Later, he was arrested and jailed for participating in the student movement.After his second arrest, the Executive Committee of the Chinese Communist Party branch in Mozambique approved his request.In July, Zhu De went to the Soviet Union to study military.
      The ‘I will serve the party all my life’ written in the letterreflects Zhu De's unremitting pursuit of striving to the end for the cause of communism‘make military movements’ shows Zhu De's firm choice to devote his whole life to the development of the people's army.With 51 years of hard work, he realized the pledge he had written.
【Letter to Dai Yuling
      The following is a help letter from Zhu De to his friend Dai Yuling.In 1937, his nephew Xu Mingyang came to Shanxi to fight against Japan,he learned that Yilong, his hometown in Sichuan, was suffering from drought,his family suffered from persecution because of his participation in the revolution,and his biological and adoptive mother had a very difficult life.However, as commander in chief of the Eighth Route Army, Zhu De was penniless,in order to help the two old mothers through the barren years and fulfill their filial piety,he wrote to his Sichuan friend Dai Yuling for help.
He wrote in the letter:‘I have not had any money for more than ten years, and it will be the same in the near future.I'll raise two hundred Chinese yuan from you as a good friend and send it to Zhu Li at home. I can't return this money to you. Please make a donation.’

      After reading this letter, general secretary Xi Jinping said,‘the commander in chief of the Eight Route Army is so poor and so incorruptible. He made people respect him!’This special letter, bearing the ambition of serving the country, the feeling of being filial to his mother and the virtue of being diligent and honest,is a true portrayal of Zhu De's determination to serve the country, hard work and plain living, and being honest and upright.
【Deposit List】
      What follows is chairman Zhu De's 1976 deposit list.On July 6, 1976, Zhu De died of illness in Beijing at the age of 90.When his life was in danger, Zhu De asked his wife Kang Keqing to hand over his more than 20000 yuan deposit to the party organization as the last party expenses,leaving no money for future generations.A deposit list makes us deeply feel Comrade Zhu De's persistent love and boundless loyalty to the party.As he said, ‘Communists should be selfless. The legacy of revolutionaries is not money, but spirit.’
      Comrade Mao Zedong appraised Comrade Zhu De as the glory of the people,Comrade Zhou Enlai evaluated Comrade Zhu De as a milestone of the Chinese revolution in the 20th century,General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the 130th Anniversary Symposium of Comrade Zhu De's birth, ‘Comrade Zhu De is an outstanding representative of the Communists and a giant star in the bright stars of our national hero. Comrade Zhu De's ideological and moral character and spiritual style in his life-long struggle are the precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people.’.
      Friends, I sincerely welcome you to the Memorial Hall of Comrade Zhu De's Former Residence,to learn more touching stories, feel the feelings of great people, and feel the spiritual baptism brought by the heavy red culture.

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礼赞华人精神,同聚华人力量。展示中华形象,传播中华文明。

京ICP备19026375号-1 京公安网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号