Hello everyone! Welcome to Nanchang, the heroic city,I'm Wang Xiaoling, director of Nanchang August 1 Uprising Memorial Hall.It was built in 1956. In 1958, marshal Chen Yi wrote the name of the museum.On October 1, 1959,
tocelebrate the 10th anniversary of the founding of new China,Bayi Museum was officially opened to the public.
Bayi Museum is known as ‘the place where the military flag rises’,where ‘one hall and five sites’ echo each other; here are precious revolutionary cultural relics, which witness the glorious starting point of the Communist Party of China "firing the first shot" and creating the people's army.Today, I will lead you to the Bayi Museum and tell you the story here.
【Jiangxi Grand Hotel】
This is also the former site of the general headquarters of the uprising, Jiangxi Grand Hotel, which was built in 1924. It was the highest and most luxurious grand hotel in Nanchang at that time.The hotel is four stories high, and
its appearance is silver gray,the arched concrete embossed flowers and colorful glass on the main facade are typical Western style;the interior is Chinese type layout.The combination of Chinese and Western architectural style,
coupled with luxurious decoration,made Jiangxi Grand Hotel a place where dignitaries and dignitaries were competing to visit at that time.
On July 27, 1927, Zhou Enlai arrived in Nanchang secretly.At that night, the Former Enemy Committee of the Communist Party of China, the highest leading body of Nanchang Uprising, was established in Jiangxi Grand Hotel. So
it became the general headquarters of the uprising, closely linked with a political party and an army.
【Blue and White Under-glaze Tea Cup with Red Grape Pattern and Cover】
This is a blue and white under-glaze red grape covered tea cup used by he long during the Nanchang Uprising.At the time of the uprising, He Long was not a member of the Communist Party, as a senior general of the
Kuomintang, he decided to follow the party at the lowest tide of the revolution and the most difficult time for the Communist Party.When he left Nanchang, he donated all the exquisite porcelain he had with him to Liu pinggeng, the
principal of Hongdao Middle School.One is to express gratitude; the other is to decide to abandon the past rich life and share weal and woe with the Communist Party.In September 1927, He Long joined the Communist Party of
China when the rebel army arrived in Ruijin.
【‘Receipt’ and ‘Reply】
When you come to our Bayi Museum, I have to mention the first-class cultural relics in our museum: the receipt and reply of donation to the rebel army from the Jiangxi Committee of people's consolation for the revolutionary
soldiers of the former enemy.After the victory of the uprising, the rebels received a huge sum of 10000 yuan,who generously donated the money?It turned out that before the uprising,Nanchang established a left-wing mass
organization of the Jiangxi Committee of people's consolation for the revolutionary soldiers of the former enemy, headed by Mr. Zhu Dazhen.On August 3, he donated 10000 yuan of consolation money to the Jiangxi provincial Party
headquarters of the Kuomintang.At that time, the Jiangxi Provincial Party Department of the Kuomintang was a cooperative organization with the Communist Party as the core,Both Huang Dao and Luo Shibing were members of the
Communist Party.After receiving the donation,they immediately issued a receipt for Zhu Dazhen: ‘We have received 10000 yuan donation from your Association for the revolutionary soldiers’.Later, they sent the money to the
uprising army separately,and wrote a reply letter to Zhu Dazhen, which said, ‘the consolation donation received from your society yesterday has been sent to the directors of the political departments of the 11th army and the 20th
army respectively by members of the Standing Committee of Huang Dao and Luo Shibing of our society for collection and distribution’.
‘Receipt’ and ‘reply’ seem simple, but they are of great significance. The ‘receipt’ is a historical witness of the unity of the army and the people;and the ‘reply’ shows that the Communist Party has strict financial
discipline,reflects the fine style of the early Communist Party members, which is a vivid portrayal of the spirit of the Communist Party of China.
My friends, Nanchang is the birthplace of the people's army.Want to know more wonderful, welcome to Nanchang Bayi Uprising Memorial Hall, here to start a red journey.