Hello everyone, welcome to Ruijin Central Revolutionary Base Memorial Hall,I'm Zhou Jingchun, curator of the memorial hall.During the Agrarian Revolutionary War,Mao Zedong, Zhu De and other Chinese Communists led the establishment of the largest revolutionary base in China,established the first national democratic regime of workers and peasants, The Soviet Republic of China.Our museum is built to commemorate this period of history.Today, I will take you to Ruijin hall,to understand the great history of the Soviet Area,to explore the inheritance relationship between the Chinese Soviet Republic and the people's Republic of China.
This five pointed star shaped, silk fabric representative card,it is the representative card of the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet.On November 7, 1931,the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet was held in Yeping, Ruijin,610 representatives from the Soviet areas of the country wore this card to attend the meeting.Announcing the establishment of the Provisional Central Government of the Soviet Republic of China,Mao Zedong was elected chairman of the central government,Chairman Mao's address started at this time,it had been called all the way to Beijing, all over the world.Since then, for the first time, the Communist Party of China, as the ruling party, has begun the great exploration of governing the country.It laid a solid foundation for the political, economic and cultural construction of new China.The Soviet Republic of China is a great prophecy of the People's Republic of China.
Now you can see this rough edged book of accounts,the open page clearly records,‘on the 18th, Chairman Mao Zedong lived here,paid back one yuan and forty-five cents, Chen Qihan.’On August 18, 1933,Mao Zedong went to the then Chantian District of Changsheng County to conduct a social survey,the district government quietly added a few dishes to lunch,after Mao Zedong discovered it, he made a severe criticism,and pointed out that our primary task was to develop the economy of the Soviet Area, supported the revolutionary war, and improved the people's life,party members and cadres must not engage in special activities.The next day, when Mao Zedong returned to Ruijin,he insisted on paying for board and lodging in accordance with the Soviet financial system,he also ordered Chen Qiha, then chief of staff of Jiangxi military region, to pay on his behalf.This book looks simple,but it is the older generation of Communists set an example by being honest and hardworking,it has always been a vivid witness of maintaining flesh and blood ties with the people.
[Memorial Tower for Red Army Martyrs]
Next, let me show you the revolutionary site of Ruijin.This is a national key cultural relic protection unit,Red Army Martyrs Memorial Tower,it was built by the Soviet central government in memory of the Red Army officers and soldiers who died in the revolutionary wars.The tower is 13 meters high and consists of a shell shaped tower body and a five pointed star base,it means ‘the party commands the gun, and the power comes out of the gun.’The inscriptions of Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai and other leaders are engraved around the tower.On the lawn in front of the tower, there are eight characters, ‘marching on the blood of the martyrs’.After the Long March of the main force of the Red Army,the martyr tower was demolished by Kuomintang reactionaries.A local woman found a stone tablet with the word ‘Lie’ in the ruins,took it home and treasured it secretly.In 1955, when the memorial tower was rebuilt,she donated the stone tablet.At that time, a staff member asked her,why did you risk your life to preserve this stone tablet?She was silent for a long time, and finally said with tears in her eyes, ‘ when my little son left with the Red Army,I didn't even have time to look at him.Seeing this stone tablet,it's like seeing my son.’Today we see that the word ‘Lie’ on the tower is the original trace.The Red Army martyrs memorial tower is made of revolutionary martyrs' blood,it is also a historical witness of the great sacrifice and contribution made by the people of the Soviet area to the Chinese revolution.
In October 1934,more than 86000 people from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the central government of the Chinese Soviet Republic, the Central Revolutionary Military Commission and the main force of the Central Red Army started from Ruijin,the world-famous 25000 Li Long March began.
Friends,welcome to Ruijin,the old red capital, the cradle of the Republic, the starting point of the long march of the Central Red Army.Let’s go back to the source, take the long march road again,and explore the roots of the Republic.I'm waiting for you at Ruijin Central Revolutionary Base Memorial Hall!